Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery without making a large incision (cut). A thin, lighted tube—known as the laparoscope—is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. The laparoscope is a small camera that allows your doctor to see the pelvic organs. Most Common Uses for Laparoscopy: Endometriosis Fibroids Ovarian Cysts Ectopic Pregnancy Sterilization